WEBER, Max (1864-1920), German economist and social historian, known for
incorporating cultural elements into social scinence in opposition to Marx's 'economic
determinism'. Weber was educated at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, and
Göttingen. A jurist in Berlin (1893), he subsequently held professorships in economics at
the universities of Freiburg (1894), Heidelberg (1897), and Munich (1919). He was editor
of the Archiv fur Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, the German sociological
journal, for some years. Weber wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
(1904-05; trans. 1930), The Religions of the East series (3 vol., 1920-21; trans.