WEBER, Max (1864-1920), German economist and social historian, known for incorporating cultural elements into social scinence in opposition to Marx's 'economic determinism'. Weber was educated at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, and Göttingen. A jurist in Berlin (1893), he subsequently held professorships in economics at the universities of Freiburg (1894), Heidelberg (1897), and Munich (1919). He was editor of the Archiv fur Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, the German sociological journal, for some years. Weber wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1904-05; trans. 1930), The Religions of the East series (3 vol., 1920-21; trans. 1952-58).
Talcott Parsons