DURKHEIM, Emile, (1858-1917). Pioneer French sociologist. Durkheim
taught at Bordeaux (1887-1902) and the University of Paris (1902-17). He pioneered the
methodology and theoretical framework of rigorous social science. Durkheim was author of The
Division of Labour (1893), Rules of Sociological Method (1895), Suicide
(1897), Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1915).
Functionalists and Structuralists